Resilience of the energy system


AGISTIN directly supports the increased resilience of the energy system based on improved and/or new technologies to control the system and maintain system stability under difficult circumstances by designing a replicable advanced grid interface that enables innovative storage integrated with industrial grid users to provide grid services. These services include grid forming control, fast frequency response and fast reactive current injection (WP2,3) which are critical enablers for the electricity system to manage instantaneous renewable penetrations beyond 75%. In the absence of these services, renewables must be curtailed or other supply-side mitigations must be implemented.The project promotes pathways towards increasing in flexibility and resilience of the energy system by demonstrating how industrial grid users can support grid operators to restore the grid and maintain normal operation during weak grid conditions when energy storage is integrated (WP 3,5,6).

Depending on scenarios, in 2040 the capacity of inverter-based generation like Wind and PV connected on ENTSOE system will range from 1000 to 1400GW, at windy and/or sunny time the synchronous generators will be stopped and it means that from 200 and 300 GW of grid forming capacity might be necessary. At the same time, we see that there might be between 100 and 250 million EV/PHEV, and a potential of hydrogen generation with electrolyser from 30 to 300GW. Turning a part of the electrolyser and EV fleet charger into grid forming would represent a high value for system stability. (All values are from TYNDP 2020)